Membuat alarm clock menggunakan PIC16F84 ~ Mekatronika USD

Sabtu, 26 Maret 2011

Membuat alarm clock menggunakan PIC16F84



Here is a simple PIC16F84A alarm clock. 
This clock counts seconds, minutes, hours and day of the week.
Time is displayed on 4 seven segment LED displays, and is adjustable with three buttons at start time (up, down, enter).
You can program the day of the week, hour, minute and duration of the alarms.
The number of alarms are limited by ROM space only.
The alarm is on the RA4 open collector output of the PIC, and is repeated on a decimal point of the display.

Download source code

For once, the program is in BASIC (mikroBasic) and I hope it will make a good start for beginners.


'******************************************************************************
' PIC16F84A ALARM CLOCK
'******************************************************************************
'
' feel free to use this code at your own risks
'
' target : PIC16F84A, 16 Mhz crystal
' HS clock, no watchdog.
'
' Author : Bruno Gavand, September 2007
'
'
'******************************************************************************

program alarmClock

'
' if you are using COMMON CATHODE LED display, uncomment this definition.
' if you are using COMMON ANODE LED display, comment this definition.
'
'#define CATHODE_COMMUNE

symbol LUNDI = 0 ' monday
symbol MARDI = 1 ' thuesday
symbol MERCREDI = 2 ' wednesday
symbol JEUDI = 3 ' thursday
symbol VENDREDI = 4 ' friday
symbol SAMEDI = 5 ' saturday
symbol DIMANCHE = 6 ' sunday
symbol LMMJV = 7 ' from monday to friday included

'
' alarm definitions, to be changed on your needs
'
symbol NBALARM = 16 ' number of programmed alarms

const alarmTable as byte[NBALARM * 4] = (
' JOUR HEURE MINUTE DUREE (secondes, 59 maxi)
' DAY HOUR MINUTE DURATION (in seconds, max is 59)
LUNDI, 8, 30, 10,
LUNDI, 12, 30, 10,
LUNDI, 14, 00, 10,
LUNDI, 16, 30, 10,
MARDI, 8, 30, 10,
MARDI, 12, 30, 10,
MARDI, 14, 00, 10,
MARDI, 16, 30, 10,
JEUDI, 8, 30, 10,
JEUDI, 12, 30, 10,
JEUDI, 14, 00, 10,
JEUDI, 16, 30, 10,
VENDREDI, 8, 30, 10,
VENDREDI, 12, 30, 10,
VENDREDI, 14, 00, 10,
VENDREDI, 16, 30, 10
)

dim maxcount as word ' number of TMR0 overflow per second
dim scaler as word ' RTC scaler
dim jj as byte ' day of week, 0 is monday
dim hh as byte ' hour
dim mn as byte ' min
dim ss as byte ' sec
dim digiled as byte[4] ' 4 x 7 segment table
dim digit as byte ' number of current digit to be displayed
dim dp as byte ' decimal point
dim key as byte ' key code
dim alarm as byte ' alarm flag

'
' the ISR works as real time clock
'
sub procedure interrupt
dim i as byte

'
' count time
'
scaler = scaler + 1
if scaler > maxcount
then
scaler = 0

inc(ss)
if ss = 60
then
ss = 0
inc(mn)
if mn = 60
then
mn = 0
inc(hh)
if hh = 24
then
hh = 0
inc(jj)
if jj = 8
then
jj = 1
end if
end if
end if
end if
end if

'
' LED display
'
#ifdef CATHODE_COMMUNE
PORTA = PORTA and $f0
TRISA = $0f
key = PORTA
TRISA = 0
PORTB = 0
#else
PORTA = PORTA or $0f
TRISA = $0f
key = PORTA
key = not(key)
TRISA = 0
PORTB = $ff
#endif
key = key and $07

digit = digit + 1

if digit > 3
then
digit = 0
i = $01
else
i = $01 <<>
end if

#ifdef CATHODE_COMMUNE
PORTB = digiled[digit]
PORTA = PORTA or i
#else
PORTB = digiled[digit]
PORTB = not(PORTB)
PORTA = PORTA and not(i)
#endif

INTCON.T0IF = 0
end sub

'
' converts digit to 7 segment
'
sub function intTo7seg(dim n as byte) as byte
select case n
case 0 result = $3F
case 1 result = $06
case 2 result = $5B
case 3 result = $4F
case 4 result = $66
case 5 result = $6D
case 6 result = $7D
case 7 result = $07
case 8 result = $7F
case 9 result = $6F
end select
end sub

'
' select a value with keys
' value is pointed to by v, display char s as header, maximum value is max
'
sub procedure setValue(dim v as ^byte, dim s as byte, dim max as byte)
digiled[0] = s
digiled[1] = 0

while 1
if key.0
then
inc(v^)
if(v^ > max)
then
v^ = 0
end if
end if

if key.1
then
if(v^ = 0)
then
v^ = max
else
dec(v^)
end if
end if

if key.2
then
Delay_ms(50)
while key.2
wend
Delay_ms(50)
scaler = 0
ss = 0
return
end if

digiled[2] = intTo7seg(v^ / 10)
digiled[3] = intTo7seg(v^ mod 10)

delay_ms(300)
wend
end sub

'
' program entry
'
main:
dim i as byte

'
' init variables
'
dp = 0

hh = 0
mn = 0
ss = 0
jj = 0

maxcount = 15625

'
' init I/O
'
PORTA = 010000
TRISA = 000000

PORTB = 0
TRISB = $00

'
' init interrupts
'
INTCON = %10100000
OPTION_REG = %11011000

Delay_ms(50)

'
' clock adjustment
'
setValue(@hh, 116, 23)
setValue(@mn, 55, 59)
setValue(@jj, 14, 6)

'
' forever loop
'
while true
if key
then
'
' display day and seconds (what for ? don't remember !)
'
digiled[0] = intTo7seg(jj)
digiled[1] = 0
digiled[2] = intTo7seg(ss / 10)
digiled[3] = intTo7seg(ss mod 10)
else
'
' display hours and minutes
'
digiled[0] = 0
digiled[1] = intTo7seg(hh)
else
digiled[0] = intTo7seg(hh / 10)
digiled[1] = intTo7seg(hh mod 10)
end if
digiled[2] = intTo7seg(mn / 10)
digiled[3] = intTo7seg(mn mod 10)
end if

'
' blinks semicolon (or decimal point)
'
if scaler > maxcount / 2
then
dp.1 = 1
else
dp.1 = 0
end if

'
' set decimal points
'
digiled[0].7 = dp.0
digiled[1].7 = dp.1
digiled[2].7 = dp.2
digiled[3].7 = dp.3

'
' check for alarm condition
'
alarm = 0
for i = 0 to (NBALARM - 1) * 4
if ((alarmTable[i] = jj) or ((alarmTable[i] = LMMJV) and (jj <>
and (alarmTable[i + 1] = hh)
and (alarmTable[i + 2] = mn)
and (alarmTable[i + 3] > ss)
then
inc(alarm)
end if
next i

if alarm
then
'
' set alarm
'
dp.3 = 1
PORTA.4 = 0
else
'
' clear alarm
'
dp.3 = 0
PORTA.4 = 1
end if
wend
end
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